Reliable Irvine Orthopedic Services
Hoag Orthopedic Institute is known to offer service from sub-specialty
trained orthopedic surgeons who handle cartilage restoration, arthroscopic
knee surgery, and other cartilage disorders. When you come to our Orange
County orthopedic facility, you can expect top quality care.
The small layer of cartilage surfacing your knee joint performs a critical
function by allowing your joint to and supporting your weight at the same
time. This cartilage also distributes force during repetitive pounding-like
movements such as jumping or running, often done in sports. For these
reasons, your knee cartilage must be both elastic and firm.
When you suffer cartilage damage or loss, you may experience these symptoms:
- Knee locking
- Localized pain and swelling
- Knee catching
Cartilage restoration may be an option if you have experienced cartilage
damage or loss due to an injury caused by trauma, repetitive sports, or
work related activities. You will need to meet with one of our surgeons
to determine if this is the best route for restoring mobility and eliminating pain.
Options for Restoring Your Cartilage
Autologous chondrocyte implantation, or ACI, is one of the procedures you
and your doctor may consider for cartilage reconstruction. With ACI, you
should prepare for two surgeries. During the first arthroscopic surgery,
a few cartilage cells are taken from the knee and transferred to a lab.
For four to six weeks the cells are grown in a culture and multiplied.
The second surgery then takes place wherein a periosteal patch, taken
from thick tissue that covers the shin bone, is sutured over the area
of the damaged cartilage. The cultured cells are then implanted into the
lesion where they will continue to multiply and integrate with surrounding
Another recent cartilage reconstruction procedure involves producing cartilage
tissue artificially by placing cells on a porous scaffold material. The
cells then grow on this frame, called an artificial scaffold, where they
form tissue. When the artificial cartilage is inserted in the patient’s
knee, the supporting scaffold is gradually resorbed and only the cartilage
Cartilage repair can also be done through microfracture surgery. The procedure
works by creating tiny fractures in the underlying bone. This causes new
cartilage to develop from a so-called super-clot. The surgery is quick,
minimally invasive, and can have a short recovery time. Microfracture,
ACI, and the artificial scaffold are leading edge procedures and techniques
in which the orthopedic surgeons aligned with Hoag Orthopedic are recognized
experts, which is just another reason you should come to our Irvine orthopedic
facility for treatment.
Post-operative rehabilitation will be very important when undergoing cartilage
restoration. At Hoag, your physical therapist will begin working closely
with you, your physician, and your family right away. Their goal is to
help you regain full, optimal use of your knee. To derive maximum benefit
from your surgery, you will be asked to adhere to a personalized rehabilitation plan.
Have more questions?
Find an orthopedic surgeon who specializes in cartialge restoration of the knee. Start by
calling us today.