Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive surgery used to treat progressive vertebral
compression fractures (VCF). A VCF is a fracture in the body of a vertebra,
which causes it to collapse. In turn, this causes the spinal column above
it to develop an abnormal forward curve. It is recommended that kyphoplasty
be performed soon after a VCF happens to best restore vertebral body height
and size. This procedure tends to help prevent additional fractures by
keeping the spine aligned.
How Is Kyphoplasty Performed?
Kyphoplasty involves the use of a device, called a balloon tamp, to restore
the height and shape of the vertebral body. During the procedure, your
orthopedic surgeon will make two small (less than 3 mm) incisions in the
back. A thin tube will be advanced into the fractured vertebra. Through
the tube, a small hole will be drilled through the hard, outer part of
the bone and into its softer center.
This provides a pathway for insertion of a special balloon into the interior
of the vertebra, which is then inflated. Inflation of the balloon pushes
apart the caps, or end plates, of the fractured vertebra, and restores
the vertebra to its original shape as much as possible. The balloon is
then deflated and removed, leaving a cavity that is filled with bone cement.
The cement will harden, the tube will be removed, and the incisions closed.
Kyphoplasty takes about an hour per fracture level treated.
When you go home, you can expect to return to your normal activities subject
to your orthopedic surgeon’s instructions. Most patients do not
need any form of physical therapy or rehabilitation.
Top-Notch Spine Surgeons in Orange County, CA
If you and your doctor decide upon kyphoplasty, it will most likely be
performed as an outpatient procedure. As a part of Hoag’s commitment
to a greater standard of service, you will find an impressive one-to-one
or one-to-two nurse to patient ratio in outpatient surgery. The quality
of care at Hoag is one of the reasons top notch spine surgeons have aligned
their practices with Hoag.
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